ARTICLES : About Mahatma Gandhi

Read articles written by very well-known personalities and eminent authors about their views on Gandhi, Gandhi's works, Gandhian philosophy and it's relevance today.


Gandhi Meditating

ARTICLES


About Gandhi
(Dimension of Gandhi)

  1. Gandhi and Communication: Respecting One's Feelings and Those of The Other
  2. The Journalist in Gandhi
  3. Gandhi's Last Painful Days
  4. The Mahatma As A Management Guru In The New Millennium
  5. What Champaran gave to Gandhi and India's freedom struggle
  6. MAHATMA GANDHI : A real friend
  7. Gandhi, Parchure and Stigma of leprosy
  8. The woman behind the Mahatma
  9. Reflections on Gandhi
  10. Inspired By Mahatma Gandhi's Autobiography
  11. Mahatma Gandhi
  12. In the Early Days with Gandhi
  13. Gandhi's Human Touch
  14. Using And Abusing Gandhi
  15. Gandhi: The Leader
  16. The Sacred Warrior
  17. Gandhi The Prisoner- A Comparison
  18. Are Gandhi And Ford On The Same Road?
  19. Attack on Gandhi
  20. The Essence of Gandhi
  21. Gandhi's Illustrious Antecedents
  22. Ink Notes
  23. Peerless Communicator
  24. Other Gandhis: Aung San Suu Kyi
  25. Gandhi Through The Eyes of The Gita
  26. Gandhi's Source of Inspiration
  27. Tarring The Mahatma
  28. Gandhi, Globalization, and Quality of Life
  29. Gandhi And Globalisation
  30. Gandhi's Revolutionary Genius
  31. Mahatma Gandhi
  32. Who Is Mahatma?
  33. What I Owe To Mahatma Gandhi
  34. The Gentle Revolutionary
  35. Gandhi: The Practical Idealist
  36. Gandhi & Lenin
  37. A Note on Marxist Interpretation of Gandhi
  38. Gandhiji & The World
  39. Gandhi's Legacy
  40. Gandhi's Epic Fast
  41. Gandhi : The Mahatma
  42. How Gandhi Came To Me?
  43. Gandhian Influence on Indian Writing in English
  44. Rural Myth, Urban Reality
  45. August 15, 1947 - From Bondage To Freedom
  46. Mahatma Gandhi and His Contemporary Artists
  47. Gandhi in The Global Village
  48. The Last Day of Mahatma Gandhi
  49. Gandhi: India and Universalism
  50. Gandhi in Sharper Focus
  51. Gandhi on Corresponding Duties/ Rights
  52. Love for Humanity : A Gandhian View
  53. Gandhiji and The Prophet
  54. Mahatma Gandhi - A Protagonist of Peace
  55. Last Words of Mahatma Gandhi
  56. Lessons for Social Work
  57. Rabindranath Tagore and Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
  58. The Message of Gandhi
  59. Gandhiji's Weeklies : Indian Opinion, Young India, Harijan
  60. M. K. Gandhi- The Student
  61. What Mahatma Gandhi Did To Save Bhagat Singh
  62. How Mahatma Gandhi's martyrdom saved India

Gandhi's Source of Inspiration
Mahatma Gandhi was inspired by people as well as books. In this article the author elaborated - very briefly - on those people and books that inspired Gandhi. Raychandbhai and Gopal Krishna Gokhale were seen by Gandhi as his teachers. Tolstoy and Gandhi corresponded regularly. Both had similar views on truth and morality and both had the same heroes - Buddha, Socrates and Mohammed. Tolstoy's book 'The Kingdom of God is within you' overwhelmed Gandhi. Ruskin's book 'Unto this Last' had cast a magic spell on Gandhi so much so that he paraphrased the book as 'Sarvodaya' and decided to teach from it.

"The greatest genius is the most indebted person" These words of Emerson, The American thinker are very true for M. GANDHI. Inspirations both mould and give direction to life. Sources of Inspiration could be personal and impersonal. As for personal as well as impersonal sources of Inspiration, M. Gandhi himself has said! "Three moderns have left a deep impress on my life and captivated me. Raychandbhai by his living contact; Tolstoy by his book, "The Kingdom of God is within you"; and Ruskin by his "Unto This Last". Besides these three personalities, Gopal Krishna Gokhale and the Gita and the Bible were life long sources of inspiration for Gandhi. To begin with Gandhi met Raychandbhai (or Shri Rajchandra) immediately on his return from London to India at Bombay. Gandhi was at once convinced that Raychandbhai was a man of great character and learning. He was a real seeker after truth. Gandhi very often found him absorbed in Godly pursuits in the midst of weighty business transactions. Gandhi never saw him lose his state of equipoise. Gandhi enjoyed the closest association with him. Above all Raychandbhai's impression as a spiritual guide on Gandhi's mind was unrivalled and Gandhi implicitly believed that Raychandbhai would never willingly lead him astray and in turn Raychandbhai would always confide in Gandhi his inner most thoughts. In Gandhi's moments of spiritual crisis, as in South Africa, Raychandbhai was Gandhi's refuge.
Gopal Krishna Gokhale, the rare gem among contemporary moderate political leaders, welcomed Gandhi as if they were renewing an old friendship. Gokhale seemed like the Ganga to Gandhi where one could have a refreshing bath in the holy river. In the sphere of politics the place that Gokhale occupied in Gandhi's heart was absolutely unique. Gokhale embodied the goal of spiritualizing (i.e. values of life) in politics and Gandhi steadfastly adhered to it by enriching it. It is significant to remember that Gandhi has devoted seven chapters exclusively to Gokhale in his autobiography. Finally on his return from South Africa to India in 1915, Gandhi looked upon Gokhale as a sure guide whenever Gandhi was in difficulty and that took a great load off Gandhi's mind.
Tolstoy of Russia was the only one with whom Gandhi had some prolonged correspondence. Both Tolstoy and Gandhi worshipped in the common shrine and the same heroes - i.e. Buddha's Light of Asia, Socrates, Mohammed, Upanishads, Gita. Both of them were not mere philosophers, but teachers of humanity who endeavored hard to practise what they preached. Gandhi described himself with characteristic candour as Tolstoy's disciple in his letters to Tolstoy. Tolstoy wrote to Gandhi emphasizing the almost pivotal significance of Gandhi's Satyagraha in South Africa. Tolstoy was the prophet of the latter half of the nineteenth century and Gandhi of the first half of the twentieth century. Finally Tolstoy's "The Kingdom of God is within you" overwhelmed Gandhi. It left an abiding impression on Gandhi. Tolstoy manifested independent thinking, profound morality and truthfulness.
Ruskin, the English thinker, was perhaps the most powerful source of inspiration when Gandhi himself described Ruskin's book, "Unto This Last" as "the magic spell". Gandhi was offered Ruskin's book by Gandhi's intimate friend Mr. Polak and Gandhi read it on his train journey from Johannesburg to Durban. The book gripped Gandhi so much that its teaching of the book appealed to Gandhi instantaneously and Gandhi paraphrased it into Gujarati as "Sarvodaya" (The welfare of all). Gandhi learnt the teachings of the book to be:

  1. The good of the individual is contained in the welfare of all.
  2. All have same right of earning their livelihood from their work.
  3. That a life of labour is the life worth living.

Gandhi read the Gita for the first time in England, i.e. Sir Edwin Arnold's "The song Celestial", and it made a deep impression on his mind and Gandhi regarded the Gita par excellence for the knowledge of Truth and it afforded him invaluable help in his moments of gloom. The Gita became Gandhi's life long companion and guide, especially the last eighteen verses of the second chapter of the Gita. Gandhi derived the Gospel of selfless action or duty from the Gita. His commentary on the Gita reflects his life and mission.
Gandhi read the Bible, especially "The New Testament" and "The Sermon on the Mount" which went straight to his heart. The compassion and renunciation of Jesus appealed greatly to Gandhi.