Passive resistance is aimed at removal in a most approved manner of
bad laws, customs or other evils and is designed to be a complete
and effective substitute for forcible methods including hooliganism
and lynch law. It is an appeal to the heart of man. Often reason
fails. It is dwarfed by self. The theory is that an adequate appeal
to the heart never fails. Seeding failure is not of the law of
Satyagraha but of incompetence of the Satyagrahi by whatever cause
induced. It may not be possible to give a complete historical
instance. The name of Jesus at once comes to the lips. It is an
instance of brilliant failure. And he has been acclaimed in the
West as the Prince of passive resisters. I showed years ago in South
Africa that the adjective 'passive' was a misnomer, at least as
applied to Jesus. He was the most active resister known perhaps to
history. His was non-violence par excellence.
But I must no longer stray from my main subject. It is the
resistance of the Jesus type that the White hooligans are seeking to
thwart. Let us hope that our countrymen's heroic resistance will not
only shame the hooligans into silence but prove the precursor of the
repeal of the law that disfigures the statute book of South Africa.
In concrete form, what pure suffering, wholly onesided, does is to
stir public opinion against a wrong. Legislators are, after all,
representatives of the public. In obedience to it they have enacted
a wrong. They have to reverse the process when the same public,
awakened to the wrong, demands its removal.
The real 'White man's burden' is not insolently to dominate coloured or black people under the guise of protection, it is to desist from the hypocrisy which is eating into them. It is time White men learnt to treat every human being as their equal. There is no mystery about whiteness of the skin. It has repeatedly been proved that given equal opportunity a man, be he of any colour or country, is fully equal to any other.
Therefore, White men throughout the world and especially of India should act upon their fellow-men in South Africa and call upon them not to molest Indian resisters who are bravely struggling to preserve the self- respect of Indians in the Union and the honour of their motherland. "Do unto others as you would that they should do unto you." Or, do they take in vain the name of him who said this? Have they banished from their hearts the great coloured Asiatic who gave to the world the above message? Do they forget that the greatest of the teachers of mankind were all Asiatics and did not possess a white face? These, if they descended on earth and went to South Africa, will all have to live in the segregated areas and be classed as Asiatics and coloured people unfit by law to be equals of Whites.
Is a civilization worth the name which requires for its existence the very doubtful prop of racial legislation and lynch law? The silver lining to the cloud that hangs over the devoted heads of our countrymen lies in the plucky action of Rev. Scott, a White clergyman, and his equally White fellow workers, who have undertaken to share the sufferings of the Indian resisters.
New Delhi, 26-6-'46